It has been an interesting journey for web developers and designers since the inception of new technologies, frameworks, concepts and of course designing elements. If we quickly rewind the moment in 1980, it was hard to imagine a beautiful website using plugins. This is because we never came across with such resources for websites as we have it today.
HTML 5: Lucrative and Progressive journey so far
Can we imagine a website without HTML completely? Not at all. In the year 1991, Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML and drafted it in the year 1993. Thereafter, the journey of some of the finest web designs on the internet evolved with time. And, today what we can enjoy the designs is the result of the evolving design, concept, and functionalities with it.
The main purpose to use HTML is creating web pages that display content for a particular website. One could hardly display a simple text format with some colors in it. HTML is a markup language but not a programming language.
We call HTML as the building blocks of the web because of WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) that uses tags and attributes to display content. The backbone of HTML for all the effects that we see is just because of CSS that helps to implement different styles.
With the time, HTML 5 finally made its way into the world of design and development of websites that added some extra cool features when used.
Today, we use HTML 5 widely for web development having lots of added features.
One of the biggest reasons being the prominent use of semantic elements that provides greater accessibility with consistency in coding that describes accurately the key purpose of an element along with content stored inside them.
Overall, HTML5 is completely revolutionizing things like media, semantic elements and how we display the content on a website through HTML and CSS together.
Since the release of HTML 5 has been playing a crucial role for developers to develop some of the finest web projects and also helped to standardize the coding structure.
In terms of deployment, HTML 5 is providing necessary tools and resources to the developers that can help them to create a website with the utmost interactive elements as well as a smooth display of content. Simultaneously, it has made it easier to define the intent of the content where it was lacking in previous versions.
Before we enter into the castle of unexplored possibilities of web development with the Bootstrap framework let us quickly understand by responsive design.
Responsive Design: A Shallow Peep
When it is the era of mobile, the design approach should not be perplexed using older concepts and user experience resources. Today, when a website is designed for any industry, there is a need for a responsive design that works flawlessly across all devices no matter whatever the screen size it has. Creating a website design with a mobile-first strategy gives you unimaginable outcomes to accelerate the user experience and engage with thousands of potential customers daily.
There is no rocket science behind it, something that cannot be achieved. It is a mobile-first approach that makes all of the difference. Responsive design does not limit itself up to the design but also performance is what matters a lot. So, when a website is responsive, the loading time, performance and many other factors work behind with it.
Above all, responsive design follows 3 best practices:
- Media Queries
- Fluid Grids
- Flexible Images
When we use responsive design approach for building a website there are countless benefits that we achieve which might not be possible in a generic approach of designing a website, they are-
- Consistency with the code structure
- Wireframing and prototype design is simplified
- Responsive design help in seamless user experience
- Repetitive coding and styling is completely axed that saves a lot of time
Bootstrap: The new era of Responsive design
A Quick Glance at its Past
Bootstrap originally was initiated by two of the former Twitter engineers named Jacob Thorton and Mark Otto with a project called Twitter Blueprint in mid-2010.
What was the twist in it?
Well, Bootstrap (formerly known as Twitter Blueprint) was designed for Twitter’s internal projects and tool development work within the company. But then these two engineers realized that since its inception Bootstrap has gained much momentum within the developer community. They even realized that Bootstrap can do wonders even in the future with few changes.
Yes, and that was the moment when they left the company together and worked upon improving the Bootstrap framework. At the lightning speed, Bootstrap gained popularity among the developers and today it the most widely used framework for web development.
The Present Empire
It is popularly known as a front-end framework for its simplicity and fast web development environment. Bootstrap is a web app development toolkit launched in 2011 that inspired numerous developers across the world with its responsive design approach. It also saves a lot of development time for web developers, otherwise, they have to start coding from scratch.
Moreover, it has removed the rigidity and fixed pattern in design introducing the dynamism within the design layouts. It has also encouraged consistency internally through a reliable and well-maintained codebase for developers.
Bootstrap provides reusable classes helping with the styling of the contents and embraces flex-box the most. Apart from that, it offers pre-defined CSS to make the web UI more interactive and lively.
Going a bit deeper with Bootstrap it has three primary files as a front-end framework:-
Bootstrap is highly favorable for coding and has gifted developers with full-customization options keeping in mind the user’s interest.
With Bootstrap coming into the picture as mainstream for web development we have seen a lot of improvements. Especially, with its pre-defined own grid system that has simplified the content placement and display pattern.
Having large community support and individual contribution, Bootstrap has lots of other features to offer for all developers. Some of them are cross-browser designing, form elements design, modal boxes, tabs, navigation, themes, and the list goes on.
When we have a cluster of predefined elements, plugins, and components the consistency in design, time management, and the development process is achievable that helps developers to quickly build a responsive website.
Future Time Machine for Bootstrap
Looking at the future of how website development is evolving with the time and the users who expect to visit a website that load the least, a framework like Bootstrap will play the major role for developers as one of the handiest weapons to incorporate time and responsive websites both together.
Furthermore, Bootstrap being a flexible and easy to use framework with all necessary documentation as well as resources backed by Twitter, more advancement with features and functionalities can be expected sooner. The more it will reach out to the users around the globe, it has a huge scope of penetrating different business verticals gaining popularity.
Before heading towards the heart of the blog to explore the steps for using Bootstrap with HTML, it’s time to find out the core reason why Bootstrap and HTML can do wonders together.
Why Bootstrap and HTML together?
Quick guide for using Bootstrap with HTML
Kudos, on landing at the heart of the blog where we will explore, learn and implement the steps to use Bootstrap with HTML.
So, let’s begin with a Bootstrap journey:
Before you begin with the coding part there are few requirements like you need to have the fundamentals clear with HTML, CSS, and JS. When you have basics right, it becomes easier to implement it when required.
There are three different ways to use Bootstrap in HTML and you can select any of the methods that are convenient for you.
- Bootstrap CDN
- Implementing through Source file download
- Package manager use
Now, it’s the time, to begin with, all 3 above steps for using Bootstrap one after the other:
1. Bootstrap CDN
When you are looking to deliver a cached version of Bootstrap’s compiled CSS for your project then skip the BootstrapCDN download and copy-paste the code into <head> before all other stylesheets:
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Vkoo8x4CGsO3+Hhxv8T/Q5PaXtkKtu6ug5TOeNV6gBiFeWPGFN9MuhOf23Q9Ifjh" crossorigin="anonymous">
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-wfSDF2E50Y2D1uUdj0O3uMBJnjuUD4Ih7YwaYd1iqfktj0Uod8GCExl3Og8ifwB6" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script> at the end of the page just before the closing tag of </body> that enables them:
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.4.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-J6qa4849blE2+poT4WnyKhv5vZF5SrPo0iEjwBvKU7imGFAV0wwj1yYfoRSJoZ+n " crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-Q6E9RHvbIyZFJoft+2mJbHaEWldlvI9IOYy5n3zV9zzTtmI3UksdQRVvoxMfooAo" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
2. Implementing through Source file download
If you are looking to compile Bootstrap with your asset pipeline you can download the source files locally to your project folder and avoid CDN by clicking on the link given below:
Remember, to compile it smoothly on your system you will require some additional tools like
- Sass Compiler (Ruby Sass or Libsass is supported) to compile CSS
- Autoprefixer to prefix CSS Vendor
3. Package manager use
You can easily pull Bootstrap’s source files into any project seamlessly from some popular package managers. Additionally, Bootstrap requires a Sass compiler as well as Autoprefixer for easy setup. They need to be compatible with the newer version of the Bootstrap framework.
– Npm – Using the npm package you can easily install Bootstrap in your Node.js powered apps.
$ npm install bootstrap
When you use require(‘bootstrap’) it will load every Bootstrap jQuery plugin onto the jQuery object. In such cases, bootstrap itself does not do anything. You can do it manually by loading Bootstrap’s jQuery plugins individually by loading /js/*.js files under the package’s top-level directory.
It is important to know that Bootstrap’s package.json has some of the additional metadata as mentioned below:
Style – It is a precompiled non-minified CSS path with the default settings Sass – it is a path to Bootstrap’s main Sass source file
– With the help of the yarn package you can install Bootstrap in your Nodejs powered apps easily
$ yarn add bootstrap
How to implement:
<!-- Required meta tags -->
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
<!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Vkoo8x4CGsO3+Hhxv8T/Q5PaXtkKtu6ug5TOeNV6gBiFeWPGFN9MuhOf23 Q9Ifjh" crossorigin="anonymous">
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.4.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-J6qa4849blE2+poT4WnyKhv5vZF5SrPo0iEjwBvKU7imGFAV0wwj1yYfoRSJ oZ+n" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-Q6E9RHvbIyZFJoft+2mJbHaEWldlvI9IOYy5n3zV9zzTtmI3UksdQRVvoxMfoo Ao" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-wfSDF2E50Y2D1uUdj0O3uMBJnjuUD4Ih7YwaYd1iqfktj0Uod8GCExl3Og8ifw B6" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
The moment you have added bootstrap to your project source file using any of the mentioned methods, you are ready to use any of the components easily available in Bootstrap.
Well, it’s time to get a bit in-depth with the exact coding structure for using components as per your requirements.
We are going to briefly talk about Forms and Carousel component structure and its use in your code structure easily.
Using Forms Component
Working upon a particular website, the most important section is Forms where we intend to collect the primary information from a user for marketing or service purposes.
Below, we will look at the code structure as to how it’s implemented in Bootstrap easily that is consistent with its design across all browsers and devices no matter screen size.
Using the Form component, it’s important to define the most suitable type attribute for all inputs from the user. This helps to take the maximum advantage of using new input controls like an email confirmation, numeric selection and much more.
So, here is the exact code structure for implementing Form component:-
<label for="exampleInputEmail1">Email address</label>
<input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail1" aria-describedby="emailHelp">
<small id="emailHelp" class="form-text text-muted">We'll never share your email with anyone else.</small>
<input type="password" class="form-control" id="exampleInputPassword1">
<div class="form-group form-check">
<input type="checkbox" class="form-check-input" id="exampleCheck1">
<label class="form-check-label" for="exampleCheck1">Check me out</label>
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
Using Carousel Component
When it comes to Carousel, how can we forget Instagram’s carousel feature which is the most popular? Not only in terms of feature or posting multiple images, but it has simplified the marketing and has helped to engage more users. Infographics are something that we can certainly use on our websites or post it on other social media platforms. But when it comes to Instagram, you cannot directly post a long infographic there because of its display ratio.
So, what can be done?
You can use a carousel to bifurcate infographics into a section that works like a slideshow and post it so people can read it and engage more on your account.
Below, we will look upon using the Carousel component with an easy code structure using Indicators alongside.
<div id="carouselExampleIndicators" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
<li data-target="#carouselExampleIndicators" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
<li data-target="#carouselExampleIndicators" data-slide-to="1"></li>
<li data-target="#carouselExampleIndicators" data-slide-to="2"></li>
<div class="carousel-item active">
<img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="d-block w-100" alt="...">
<a class="carousel-control-prev" href="#carouselExampleIndicators" role="button" data-slide="prev">
<span class="carousel-control-prev-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
<a class="carousel-control-next" href="#carouselExampleIndicators" role="button" data-slide="next">
<span class="carousel-control-next-icon" aria-hidden="true"></span>
To summarize we have taken a quick glance over the evolution of HTML 5, responsive design. Also, Twitter’s Bootstrap framework which has become the voice of almost all the developers around the world due to its stunning features and customization options.
We also talked upon the future of Bootstrap as how it will play an instrumental role in enhancing the user experience and their expectations.
Similarly, we took a quick walkthrough over the use of its components and the coding structure. As a whole, we hope that this handy blog will give you a complete picture of HTML 5 and Bootstrap also why it’s good to use together for your projects.
To get started quickly, designers and developers can download admin templates based on the bootstrap framework from WrapPixel as they are one of the industry leaders in providing high quality free and premium bootstrap templates. You can also get assured with their professional and dedicated support. Check them out!